Tonsillitis occurs when the tonsils become inflamed from infection. Tonsils and adenoids may cause problems if they become enlarged or infected. Tonsillitis is most commonly seen in children between the ages of 6 and 8. There are many causes of tonsillitis (viruses, bacteria, fungal infections). Cigarette smoke may increase incidence of tonsillitis. Symptoms of tonsillitis may include: sore throat, fever, headache, decrease in appetite, not feeling well, nausea, vomiting, stomach aches and painful swallowing. If tonsils are very large periods of apnoea (stopping breathing) may occur at night.
Adenoiditis is an inflammation of the adenoids due inflammation or infection. Symptoms of adenoiditis or enlarged adenoids may include: mouth breathing, noisy breathing or snoring, nasal speech, or if very large periods of apnoea may occur at night. Specific treatment for tonsillitis and adenoiditis will be determined based on: age, general health and medical history; severity and frequency of infections; the occurrence of any airway problems; and your opinion or preference.
Surgery for Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy
In children the tonsils and adenoids are frequently removed at the same time, but sometimes, only one is removed. Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) surgery is one of the most common major operations performed on children. The most common reasons for performing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy are recurrent tonsillitis (not just a sore throat) and/or airway obstruction causing problems with breathing.
Written by Dr Zoran Becvarvski, ENT specialist